An Overview Of Important Web Programming Languages

Introduction

It all began with Tim Berners-Lee at CERN and the good old HTML. CERN, which is now mostly famous for its Large Hadron Collider, has recently gained major publicity by attracting the attention of frivolous news chasing the possibility of a black hole. I think even cooler than a black hole marking the end of humanity, is the virtual world that has largely impacted her evolution. The internet happened partly because of the outcome of CERN’s research and now we have a world beside the real world, functioning in parallel and becoming the flesh and blood of a terrestrial specy who was one day drawing on cave walls. HTML later became lingua franca of a world that was becoming bigger while making our real world smaller and smaller.

HTML is the basic language understood by all WWW (World Wide Web) clients. It can execute on a PC under any operating system such as Windows, Mac, Linux, or on a Unix workstation. However, it is limited in its computational power intentionally because it can prevent the execution of dangerous programs on the client machine. Web programmers, who are now much more sophisticated in their applications, provide different type of services to a growing demand of interactive content. Today, most users have competent client machines which are capable of doing much more than HTML allows. Fortunately, there is steady development in the field, and today the number of capable applications is expanding. We can easily build database-driven websites with various scripting languages such as PHP, ASP.NET, JSP, Perl, Cold Fusion and etc. This gives programmers a head ache. They generally fall into two main groups – proprietary and open-source, both have their own share of the market.

The languages mentioned below are all attempts to create the “ideal” Web programming language, which is usually done by extending and restricting existing languages. Web programming languages have a variety of ancestors: scripting languages, shell languages, mark-up languages and conventional programming languages. This document attempt to present a short introduction of the most important languages being used in Web today.

Characteristics Of Web Programming Languages

There is a diverse range of languages available and suitable for Web programming. There is no reason to believe that any one language will completely prevail and monopolize the Web programming scene. When you are developing a simple website, the question of which programming language and framework to choose can come up for things such as contact submission forms, photo galleries, jQuery Slider or any other dynamic content components that is generated by the web-server. When you are shopping for a web designer or web developer, you will hear them say “We program in PHP” or “We develop in ASP.NET/C#” and you might wonder what they are talking about and which one is better than the other.

As you can see, there is a fairly good selection of languages for web developers to choose to develop their web applications. There are many more languages available, some of them more specialized such as VRML, but discussing them is out of the scope of this article. Most developers have a working knowledge for at least a few of the frameworks, but tend to specialize in one.

New languages and language extensions are being developed to increase the usability of the Internet on a daily basis. Here we will look at some of the important languages that have shaped the Internet over the years and give a brief overview of each one of them.

ASP.NET – Active Server Pages

The.NET Framework is the infrastructure for the Microsoft.NET platform. It is an environment that can be used for building, deploying, and running Web applications and Web Services with easier and quicker programming.

ASP.NET runs inside IIS which comes free with Windows servers. It enables scripts to be executed by an Internet server. This web development technology is built into the.NET Framework and utilizes full featured programming languages such as C# or VB.NET to build web applications. I personally like C# very much and I think it is a great language to code with and extremely easy to use.

ASP.NET drastically reduces the amount of code required to build large applications. With built-in Windows authentication and pre-application configuration, security and safety are guaranteed. But the main disadvantage is that ASP.NET applications can only run on Windows platform.

PHP

As an open-source alternative, PHP is steadily developed by an active and very dedicated international community. This is a great example of strength in numbers. Another strength of PHP is of course its low costs. Since it is open-source software, PHP can be compiled and customized for any operating system. In fact, there are always pre-compiled versions available for your OS of choice. In an open, collaborative and non-hierarchical environment, suggested improvements can be adopted quickly. You can count on its fast paced updates and improvements more than other languages.

I think PHP is a good investment because it is not going to disappear anytime soon. It is used by a very large group of fantastic programmers who come out with amazing websites combining PHP with other technologies. Also it is a good idea that if you have invested in an online business and you have lost one of your precious programmers, it will be the easiest to find a replacement programmer.

Java/JSP

Developed by Sun Microsystems, Java is a very powerful object-oriented language. JavaServer Pages (JSPs) are web pages with embedded Java code. The embedded Java code is executed on the server, then the page is returned to the browser for display.

Unlike ASP, JSP is a lot less platform-specific and it doesn’t rely as heavily on Microsoft for support or performance improvements. Java programs for Unix can be made to run on Windows or the Mac system with little or no effort. Many development projects are taking place on the Java platform and it is getting richer by day.

You should not confuse JSP with Javascript. Note that Javascript is a programming language that runs on a web browser and does not require any server software. Since all execution takes place on the browser, Javascript is responsible for most of the interactivity on a web page. Image change or text color change on mouseover, creating mouse trails are all possible through Javascript.

Perl

Perl doesn’t offer the graphics and security desired for Internet programming on its own. However, those features are now available trough Perl/Tk. Perl/Tk which extends Perl with access to the Tk GUI library and makes it fully available for web programming.

Perl is an open-source language that is both mature and powerful. It offers web developers every tool they need to create dynamic websites. Like other open-source languages, it benefits tremendously from ongoing development, and the support offered by its international community is amazing. Perl is particularly good for creating single websites quickly, cleanly and elegantly. Its major weakness is that it may be unnecessarily complicated. If you are not comfortable switching gears between different syntaxes, then you should choose from one of the other alternatives.

Python

Like Java, Python is a full featured, object-oriented language developed, but extremely easy to use, by Guido van Rossum at CWI in the Netherlands. Similar to almost every other cool language, it is initially developed in a Unix environment but is available on PCs and Macs, and applications are portable across platforms. Python’s syntax resembles C and C++, but doesn’t stick too closely to those languages.

Python offers several portable GUI libraries. Python is simpler and easier to program than Java and very suited for Internet programming.

ColdFusion

Built by Allaire in 1995, purchased by Macromedia in 2001 and finally ended up in the hands of Adobe in 2005, This ColdFusion might not be as cool as cold fusion nuclear energy, but it did introduce an exciting technology which hold an active developer community together up to this day.

ColdFusion enables programmers to create dynamic and database-powered Web applications. With its own markup language (CFML) and tags to connect to the database, it is relatively easy to create forms and dynamic pages. Using ColdFusion, Building websites can’t possibly get easier! You can deploy powerful web applications and services with minimal training. It provides an application development platform suitable for network software. It is now at version 10 and supports most major databases from Oracle to Microsoft SQL Server.

Ruby and Ruby on Rails

Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented and open-source programming language. It has a very clean syntax which makes it a lot of fun to use. Python is ease to learn and use, and closely enjoys the Perl’s pragmatism. Ruby’s simplicity, productivity and ease of use has spread it usage very quickly in a matter of few years.

Ruby on Rails is its open-source Web application framework written in Ruby which follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) model. It is a highly-productive and can empower industrial-strength web applications. It scales from the simplest expense tracking application to full-featured applications with thousands of users.

Finally

Web is the summa summarum of all these languages. There is no single application that does all the different things, in every different way and according to all the programmers need. Because of the diversity of programming tasks, choosing a language has become a critically important step. It has to be decided upon after through analysis of a project and considering every aspect of your requirements.

Is It Really Easy to Develop Web Design?

To develop web design it is not enough just to install a powerful graphics editor on your personal computer. You should at least learn how to use this editor. And to develop really nice and attractive web design which will be able to attract target visitors you should also learn the basics of web development, Internet marketing, psychology…

To develop web design is not a simple task as a website should be not only nice but also functional. It should make a positive impression on the visitors. This impression can be achieved due to the right choice of the website background, fonts, color gamma, decorative elements, competent arrangement of all page elements.

For example, the choice of website background in many respects depends on the type of the page layout, i.e. if it is flexible or fixed-width. If the page layout is fixed website content is located in the columns that have fixed width. If the width of the computer display exceeds the set width of such fixed columns, a lot of “empty space” appears. Will this space look normal? You should consider this question beforehand.

When you develop web design you should always take into account that design which is embodied on the paper and design which is embodied on the Web may be perceived in totally different ways. For example, serif fonts look very attractive when they are printed on the paper and it is very easy to read a book or newspaper with a serif font. But serif fonts are very hard to perceive from the computer display; they are very tiring for the eyesight. Therefore it is better to use sans-serif fonts (Arial, Helvetica, Verdana) during web design development.

When you develop web design you should also keep in mind that the overwhelming majority of the Internet users have installed only standard fonts. The rest of the fonts are often paid (for example fonts developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated) and not all Internet users can afford themselves to purchase them. The use of such paid fonts in web design of your site is inappropriate.

As a rule, the choice of the color gamma of the site is based on the analysis of needs of the site target audience. For example, target visitors of the site which belongs to the company that manufactures copper pipes in most cases are the representatives of the companies which sell copper pipes or use them in their own manufacture. Will such target visitors like “acid” color gamma of website design? Will they find such website attractive and trustworthy? We guess they won’t.

Decorative elements used during the development of web design should meet their intended purpose – their goal is to decorate the site. If decorative elements are excessively used in website design, if they prevent the visitors from perceiving information at the site, such elements are harmful for the site.

Non-professional development of web design may result in a whole number of mistakes which have a negative influence on the site effectiveness. Here are only some of the most typical mistakes.

Photos which illustrate the company’s activity have too low quality or compression artifacts. It strikes the visitors’ eyes right away and reduces their level of confidence in the company.

The texts at the site are typed with a very small font or the font color is practically identical to the background color. It prevents the visitors from studying the information at the site as such fonts are very tiring for the eyes.

The background color is too bright, motley. The text gets lost on such background, it is hard for visitors to read anything.

Along with the listed mistakes there also are a lot of other mistakes of web design development. All these mistakes may be rough or minor, but the result is always the same – the visitors leave the site, they do not purchase the company’s goods or order its services. And it the visitors do not convert into clients, the site does not perform its functions.

To develop a website means to provide your company with a powerful tool which stimulates the purchase activity (or any other kind of activity if your site is a non-profit one). Therefore only professional web designers are able to develop web design which will meet all modern requirements.

Brief Lines About Web Designing Companies

From the past decade, it has been observed that a healthy competition in all businesses all over the world. Especially, for web development companies, you need creativity and upgraded technologies are the most essential need to survive in this competitive web world. And also who are providing excellent web development customer services will be treated as the best services. Most of the business men would like to see their website must be technologically upgraded. Only experienced good web Development Company will provide such facilities. You need to consider so many things and essential factors must keep in mind while selecting a wed development company for your web site.

First of all, you need a web site that should be creative and accurate and when it comes to the latest technology, it should be superior. There are so many works to be done when it comes to web development companies like Internet marketing, software development, website creation and design and many more to do. However, there are so many web development companies are available for the world, but it is difficult to find the best and suitable one for your business needs. Here we will discuss few works regarding web Development Company.

Most of these companies are offering graphic designing, when it comes to graphic designer job, they must have a high level artistic and creativity level that can go unsaid. So many people may overlook about this graphic designer job work that should be professional one for the business development. However, these graphic designers also need expertise in marketing, advertising and communications. You need to ask yourself some specific reasons for wanting a website like is it help full to your business development or personal purpose or to share your opinion with worldwide customers. With these questions, you will get a clearer vision on which type of web design and hosting you will need. So many people are having much knowledge about this web design, and they are able to design their own web site. And also hiring a specialist and well experienced web designer could be a best option for you.

And the next one is e-commerce design; most of the retailers are now getting realization regarding the e-commerce design that will help them to this will help them to be a superior polished product in keeping with their brand as it is perceived offline. Due to the heavy competition in internet online reselling business, so many web developers are using some special architecture for e commerce design according to their customer demands to improve sales. From past few years, it has been observed that these e commerce websites are playing a significant role in online transactions for purchase and sale of products over the internet. With the help of advent in internet, the trading in e-commerce websites has grown significantly, and it is the main reason for growth of e-commerce website development. However, every e commerce web site activities are regulated by the Federal Trade Commission. The internet revolution has changed the entire way of promotion of business. With this inspiration, the business marketing is going to be the best strategy for business problems, and solving with marketing. Business to business marketing is just marketing to consumers who happen to have a corporation to pay for what they buy.

And the final one is Internet marketing, in these competitive days, it is essential for your websites to get success. Why we need thing internet marketing, if you have a professional looking web site, what will you do if internet users are not able to find it when they need your products and services? The ultimate solution for your business need is an internet marketing campaign. Finally, there are some well established and well experienced web development companies are there to help their customers. These companies can understand and realize the competitive advantage of their clients.