Avoiding 7 Mistakes That May Affect Your Web Application Adversely

Most users nowadays access websites and web applications on their mobile devices. Likewise, a large percentage of users abandon websites that take more than three seconds to load. Hence, it becomes essential for web developers to create websites accessible on multiple browsers, platforms and devices. At the same time, they also need to focus on the website’s functionality, performance, usability, security, and searchability to boost user experience and increase conversion rate. But often the mistakes committed by the developers affect the user experience delivered by the web applications directly and adversely. The web developers must identity and avoid all such mistakes to make the website deliver optimal user experience.

7 Mistakes that May Affect a Web Application’s User Experience Directly

1) Not Reducing Bandwidth Usage

The choice of network differs from one user to another. Most people nowadays access web applications over 3G or 4G connection. Hence, the amount of bandwidth required by the website increases its loading time and affects its user experience. The developers can easily optimize bandwidth usage by optimizing size and resolution of images, minifying JavaScript and CSS files, and enabling server side compression. But they must reduce bandwidth consumption to enhance the web application’s user experience and engagement.

2) Not Enabling Browser Cache

The developers can easily enhance the user experience delivered by the web application by enabling browser caching. But often programmers forget to implement browser cache during development process. When they enable browser cache the performance of the website increases significantly due to lesser number of HTTP request. Also, the browser can load the website quickly by accessing HTML content, images and media files from the cache. The programmers can always implement full browser cache to make the website load faster and keep visitors engaged.

3) Not Repairing Navigation Issues

Nowadays users love websites that enable them to collect relevant information without any hassle or delay. The developers can easily keep the users engaged by designing the website with font type, format, and size compatible with multiple browsers. Likewise, they also need to enable users to navigate from one section or page of the website to another seamlessly. They can easily include a search box in each page to make it easier for users to find the required information. Likewise, the website must have a sitemap to make the web pages user friendly. The developers must make the website navigable across multiple devices. Also, they must identify and repair all navigation issues to keep the users engaged and reduce website abandonment.

4) Not Focusing on Scalability

Often developers build custom web applications according to predefined business requirements. They forget to focus on making the website scalable and consider expansion possibilities. That is why; the programmers have to rewrite the web application in future to meet revised business requirements and cater growing website traffic. The developers can easily make the web application scalable by synchronizing all required services and arranging external storage space. They also need to keep the source code of the application flexible and readable to accommodate the required changes and address scalability issues more efficiently.

5) Not Validating User Input Completely

Most developers validate user input at both client-side and server-side to keep the web application secure. But the developers often forget to validate each input submitted by users. The developers can easily implement client-side and server-side validation by availing the features provided by various web frameworks and tools. For instance, they can easily validate the user input at client side by taking advantage of the validation rules provided by the front-end development tools. Likewise, they can validate the user input at the server-side by using the annotations provided by various server-side tools. The programmers must implement client-side and server-side user input validation to protect the web application from targeted malware attacks.

6) Not Testing the User Experience Elaborately

Most modern users access websites and web applications on their mobile devices. But there are still many people who access websites on their desktop or laptop computers. Likewise, the choice of device, platform, browsers, and internet connectivity differs from one user to another. That is why; it becomes essential for web developers to evaluate the user experience delivered by the website across varying devices, platforms, browsers, and networks. Likewise, they must identify and repair all 404 issues in the website to keep the visitors engaged. Often developers forget to test the web application during development process. But they can easily get the defects and performance issues repaired if the web application is tested throughout the development process.

7) Ignoring Search Engine Guidelines

The search engine ranking and visibility of a website nowadays affects its user experience. Most enterprises implement search engine optimization (SEO) techniques to make the website receive regular search engine traffic. But the developers can easily enhance the search engine visibility of the website by following various search engine guidelines. For instance, they can optimize the website for mobile devices and increase its load time to meet the metrics used by Google for ranking websites. The developers can always follow the latest search engine guidelines and recommendation to make the web application popular within a short amount of time.

On the whole, the web application developers must focus on all aspects of the web application to boost its user experience. They further need to get all aspects of the website tested under varying user conditions. But they can easily avoid elaborate testing by avoiding these common web application development mistakes.

Advantages of Custom PHP Development

There has been a huge transformation in custom business application. Till date, business applications such as ERP, CRM and data mining were considered as the toughest and the most expensive solutions for the small businesses. The robust client applications include lump sum licensing fees, copyrighted software and expensive hardware to operate in the correct way. This arrangement also demands proper maintenance in order to function properly. Moreover, when businesses require custom PHP development, the service providers often charge huge cost which is again beyond the small businesses’ range.

Over last few years, there has been a drastic transformation in the realms of custom business development. A gamut of customized web application software is available on the web. Moreover, with the evolvement of cheaper internet service, cloud computing and enhanced server capacity, application development processes have become much more easy and smooth. Today, almost all people use e-mails, logs into social networking websites, use online docs and spreadsheets and maintain online calendars in their day to day activities. With such popularity of the World Wide Web, the programming languages have also developed at a fast pace and the various platforms of web development have become more advanced, secure and more stable. Nowadays, most of the businesses prefer PHP as their choicest programming language. Custom PHP development and PHP built business applications have several benefits as it enables information sharing effectively with and boost business growth.

There are several reasons for choosing custom PHP development for creating dynamic websites and some of those reasons are listed below –

PHP offers the most flexible and powerful web development platform which accommodates all business expansions efficiently.

The PHP frameworks are easy to use and are easily available on the market which includes Symfony Framework, CakePHP, Zend Framework. These PHP frameworks also allow developing standard codes.

PHP itself is an open-source framework and is supported by huge web-based community. Even a fresher in PHP web development can easily find lots of programming guides and tutorials on PHP by browsing through the web.

Amongst the several other existing technologies in the web development realm, PHP web development is considered the best solution for technological development of a website. This open source scripting language is used to create dynamic webpages to deliver high end interactivity to the users.

HTML codes can be easily embedded into PHP applications and it can be integrated into several databases such as MySQL. It is cross-browser compatible and can work smoothly in any type of Operating system, Mac, Linux or Windows. PHP derives much of its syntax from C++ and hence it is easier for the developers to understand the language very easy. The in-built memory within PHP helps the developer to prevent the extra stress of gathering external codes from outside sources. PHP web development is not a costly affair since the language can be integrated with a wide range of open source applications such as Drupal, Joomla or WordPress.

For custom PHP development, it is necessary to hire a professional PHP web development company which has the competence to deliver substantial results, enabling you to cut above the rest. Be sure to glance through some of the projects undertaken by the company and also make it a point to gather client’s feedback.

An Overview Of Important Web Programming Languages

Introduction

It all began with Tim Berners-Lee at CERN and the good old HTML. CERN, which is now mostly famous for its Large Hadron Collider, has recently gained major publicity by attracting the attention of frivolous news chasing the possibility of a black hole. I think even cooler than a black hole marking the end of humanity, is the virtual world that has largely impacted her evolution. The internet happened partly because of the outcome of CERN’s research and now we have a world beside the real world, functioning in parallel and becoming the flesh and blood of a terrestrial specy who was one day drawing on cave walls. HTML later became lingua franca of a world that was becoming bigger while making our real world smaller and smaller.

HTML is the basic language understood by all WWW (World Wide Web) clients. It can execute on a PC under any operating system such as Windows, Mac, Linux, or on a Unix workstation. However, it is limited in its computational power intentionally because it can prevent the execution of dangerous programs on the client machine. Web programmers, who are now much more sophisticated in their applications, provide different type of services to a growing demand of interactive content. Today, most users have competent client machines which are capable of doing much more than HTML allows. Fortunately, there is steady development in the field, and today the number of capable applications is expanding. We can easily build database-driven websites with various scripting languages such as PHP, ASP.NET, JSP, Perl, Cold Fusion and etc. This gives programmers a head ache. They generally fall into two main groups – proprietary and open-source, both have their own share of the market.

The languages mentioned below are all attempts to create the “ideal” Web programming language, which is usually done by extending and restricting existing languages. Web programming languages have a variety of ancestors: scripting languages, shell languages, mark-up languages and conventional programming languages. This document attempt to present a short introduction of the most important languages being used in Web today.

Characteristics Of Web Programming Languages

There is a diverse range of languages available and suitable for Web programming. There is no reason to believe that any one language will completely prevail and monopolize the Web programming scene. When you are developing a simple website, the question of which programming language and framework to choose can come up for things such as contact submission forms, photo galleries, jQuery Slider or any other dynamic content components that is generated by the web-server. When you are shopping for a web designer or web developer, you will hear them say “We program in PHP” or “We develop in ASP.NET/C#” and you might wonder what they are talking about and which one is better than the other.

As you can see, there is a fairly good selection of languages for web developers to choose to develop their web applications. There are many more languages available, some of them more specialized such as VRML, but discussing them is out of the scope of this article. Most developers have a working knowledge for at least a few of the frameworks, but tend to specialize in one.

New languages and language extensions are being developed to increase the usability of the Internet on a daily basis. Here we will look at some of the important languages that have shaped the Internet over the years and give a brief overview of each one of them.

ASP.NET – Active Server Pages

The.NET Framework is the infrastructure for the Microsoft.NET platform. It is an environment that can be used for building, deploying, and running Web applications and Web Services with easier and quicker programming.

ASP.NET runs inside IIS which comes free with Windows servers. It enables scripts to be executed by an Internet server. This web development technology is built into the.NET Framework and utilizes full featured programming languages such as C# or VB.NET to build web applications. I personally like C# very much and I think it is a great language to code with and extremely easy to use.

ASP.NET drastically reduces the amount of code required to build large applications. With built-in Windows authentication and pre-application configuration, security and safety are guaranteed. But the main disadvantage is that ASP.NET applications can only run on Windows platform.

PHP

As an open-source alternative, PHP is steadily developed by an active and very dedicated international community. This is a great example of strength in numbers. Another strength of PHP is of course its low costs. Since it is open-source software, PHP can be compiled and customized for any operating system. In fact, there are always pre-compiled versions available for your OS of choice. In an open, collaborative and non-hierarchical environment, suggested improvements can be adopted quickly. You can count on its fast paced updates and improvements more than other languages.

I think PHP is a good investment because it is not going to disappear anytime soon. It is used by a very large group of fantastic programmers who come out with amazing websites combining PHP with other technologies. Also it is a good idea that if you have invested in an online business and you have lost one of your precious programmers, it will be the easiest to find a replacement programmer.

Java/JSP

Developed by Sun Microsystems, Java is a very powerful object-oriented language. JavaServer Pages (JSPs) are web pages with embedded Java code. The embedded Java code is executed on the server, then the page is returned to the browser for display.

Unlike ASP, JSP is a lot less platform-specific and it doesn’t rely as heavily on Microsoft for support or performance improvements. Java programs for Unix can be made to run on Windows or the Mac system with little or no effort. Many development projects are taking place on the Java platform and it is getting richer by day.

You should not confuse JSP with Javascript. Note that Javascript is a programming language that runs on a web browser and does not require any server software. Since all execution takes place on the browser, Javascript is responsible for most of the interactivity on a web page. Image change or text color change on mouseover, creating mouse trails are all possible through Javascript.

Perl

Perl doesn’t offer the graphics and security desired for Internet programming on its own. However, those features are now available trough Perl/Tk. Perl/Tk which extends Perl with access to the Tk GUI library and makes it fully available for web programming.

Perl is an open-source language that is both mature and powerful. It offers web developers every tool they need to create dynamic websites. Like other open-source languages, it benefits tremendously from ongoing development, and the support offered by its international community is amazing. Perl is particularly good for creating single websites quickly, cleanly and elegantly. Its major weakness is that it may be unnecessarily complicated. If you are not comfortable switching gears between different syntaxes, then you should choose from one of the other alternatives.

Python

Like Java, Python is a full featured, object-oriented language developed, but extremely easy to use, by Guido van Rossum at CWI in the Netherlands. Similar to almost every other cool language, it is initially developed in a Unix environment but is available on PCs and Macs, and applications are portable across platforms. Python’s syntax resembles C and C++, but doesn’t stick too closely to those languages.

Python offers several portable GUI libraries. Python is simpler and easier to program than Java and very suited for Internet programming.

ColdFusion

Built by Allaire in 1995, purchased by Macromedia in 2001 and finally ended up in the hands of Adobe in 2005, This ColdFusion might not be as cool as cold fusion nuclear energy, but it did introduce an exciting technology which hold an active developer community together up to this day.

ColdFusion enables programmers to create dynamic and database-powered Web applications. With its own markup language (CFML) and tags to connect to the database, it is relatively easy to create forms and dynamic pages. Using ColdFusion, Building websites can’t possibly get easier! You can deploy powerful web applications and services with minimal training. It provides an application development platform suitable for network software. It is now at version 10 and supports most major databases from Oracle to Microsoft SQL Server.

Ruby and Ruby on Rails

Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented and open-source programming language. It has a very clean syntax which makes it a lot of fun to use. Python is ease to learn and use, and closely enjoys the Perl’s pragmatism. Ruby’s simplicity, productivity and ease of use has spread it usage very quickly in a matter of few years.

Ruby on Rails is its open-source Web application framework written in Ruby which follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) model. It is a highly-productive and can empower industrial-strength web applications. It scales from the simplest expense tracking application to full-featured applications with thousands of users.

Finally

Web is the summa summarum of all these languages. There is no single application that does all the different things, in every different way and according to all the programmers need. Because of the diversity of programming tasks, choosing a language has become a critically important step. It has to be decided upon after through analysis of a project and considering every aspect of your requirements.